|3. Fundamental Integration -> Atonement -> Atonement by God's Attributes|
Atonement by Christ
Please STUDY this carefully and prayerfully. This understanding is of eternal importance. God is a MORAL God, a self existent Creator, of right or wrong, black or white, good or bad principles. Because of this in order to be allowed forever into His Kingdom, only MORALLY CONFORMING creatures may be in relationship/fellowship with Him. And, if not Holy and Righteous in this age, neither shall they be in Eternity to come. Behold, NOW is the day of salvation. He is the author of Eternal salvation unto all that are obeying Him NOW.
To have a relationship with Him without being MORALLY conformed to the image of His MORALLY Perfect Son is blasphemous to even consider. The great commentator, Dr. Adam Clarke, in his day lamented "this false view (in the translation) of a passage which has been made the foundation of a most blasphemous doctrine; viz. that our sins were imputed to Christ, and that he was a proper object of the indignation of Divine justice, because he was blackened with imputed sin; and some have proceeded so far in the blasphemous career as to say, that Christ may be considered as the greatest of sinners, because all the sins of mankind or of the elect, as they say, were imputed to him, and reckoned as his own" (Clarke's Commentary, Vol. III, pp.338-339; emphasis Clarke's).
Clark was referring to the translation of 2 Cor 5:21, the worst translation in the KJV possible, and to the terrible Penal Substitution Atonement invented and first published by Anselm, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury about 1098 AD. This had never before been believed by men until 1098 AD onward. It is now orthodoxy in all of today's corrupted churches. See footnote.2
God cannot allow any unholy creature in His Kingdom. Sinful man, of sin nature and sinning actions; man needs a means of relationship/fellowship to God. Only God, His Son, could provide this in what is called in the scriptures the Atonement (Restoration) as clearly taught in the scriptures for nearly 11 centuries before Anselm.
Our concern is which teaching of Atonement makes these provisions? Is it the original Roman Catholic of 1098 AD, Calvinist, or Dispensational and all its offshoots of word-of -faith, Pentecostal, or charismatics Atonement of Penal Substitutionary Satisfaction, or is it by Righteous Government Atonement concerning God's Attributes?
Scriptural Atonement = of Righteous Government
A relationship/fellowship with God requires the At-one-ment (Restoration) for men. Without atonement for man there would be injustice to God Himself and to His Heavenly and earthly creatures. Injustice to His creatures, because He, as Love, cannot allow innocent generations who had no choice in being born with sinning natures that only sin without providing a just reconciliation to them. Injustice to Himself to allow no Loving Holy solution to what He had allowed in the Garden, to defeat the satan (rebeller), to manifest His Attributes of Spiritual Perfection (Glory) for all Eternity, and create a new Heavenly creature, in His great Wisdom. Because of His Attributes, the atonement (the Restoration) of man by God Himself is mandatory upon God by virtue of His very self-being of Love, Holiness, Truth, and Wisdom. God's mechanism of all of this by God's Wisdom is to give all spiritual creatures "choice."
[[[ And why did God allow all evil (all from satan's choice and his works) and injustice?? First, God is Holy, second, He is Love. As a Spirit He gave all His sentient (self conscious with cognitions and higher relationships) creations the ability to choose between alternatives; because as a Spirit, He and all spirit possessing creatures (not just souls) have choice. This is a primary attribute of all spirit containing creatures. Also, Love Himself necessarily must give choice, otherwise He would not have a Love Attribute. So the answer to "Why does God allow all this evil into the world," is simple because He is Love. As Love (His kind of Love, not human love) personified He must allow choice. Also, in His great Wisdom, he takes the opportunity of rebellion by one of His created angels, satan (the rebeller), to prove to all creation that His Attributes of Holiness, Love, Truth, and Wisdom are worthy of all their obedience throughout Eternity. He will show Himself Worthy, Just, and the Justifier of him who is obeying Him, as well as, put to manifest shame the devil, and any who rebel throughout eternity. ]]]
Retributive justice is not preferred by God. Christ could not be punished, as eye for eye, because He has no demerit or guilt. He could not be suffer except in Love and Holiness for the just governmental welfare of His creatures, whereby His righteousness would be adequately manifest. The Atonement by Christ's death for us was not for substitutionary retribution, but for the governmental welfare of His creatures in a much more curative and extensive manner, by a dead life exchange for a Living Life exchange, within a person's mortal life while still on earth.
The Atonement is NOT retributive penal substitutionary justice. First It would have been unjust for the Father to punish His sinless Son for our sins. Second Also, it would not accomplish anything in us as still sinful flesh natured sinning separated from a Holy God. But Christ Himself took our already penalty of separated death in our inherited sinful flesh natures and vicariously in His own incarnate sinless flesh took our already penally separated nature to His Grave, to JUSTLY provide to us His Resurrection Life nature in our spirits to walk obediently to the Father. So that for all Eternity, the satan and whoever and whenever should consider rebellion again shall be seen in Eternal shame. for such a Proven Loving, Truthful, and Holy Creator God.
Rom 8:3-9 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the (our) flesh:This is what our water baptism symbolizes. Christ's Death is certainly accounted as taking our sins and sin nature away in His Incarnaate Death, and giving us His Life in His Resurrected Life, but not on the basis of "just deserts", but on the basis of God's moral justice, Righteously providing Mercy, and the Righteousness of Himself. It is a Justice exercised to declare God's Attributes and Himself just (righteous) and the Justifier (Who is making Righteous and Holiness) of him who is Obeying Jesus. "To declare , I say, at this time His Righteousness: that He might be Just (Righteous), and the Justifier (present active participle. One Who is making Righteous) him out from (ek) Faith of Jesus" (Rom 3:26).
72 To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant;
73 The oath which he sware to our father Abraham,
74 That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear,
75 In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
4.That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.5 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.
6 For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.
7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.
8 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.
9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
(There is no such thing as a carnal Christian. See 4. Heretical New Age Church -> New Age Salvation Doctrines -> 7. Even Christian Redefined)
It is God's Attributes at the stake, and in the Life. God's Attributes are monadic, one of a kind, not possessed by any sinful creature. They are Love, Truth, Holiness, and Wisdom. These are not possesssed by any pagan god of man's imagination. Man must be restored to obedience by the indwelling Attributes of Christ Himself in them, to direct and empower them in obedience to His Mercy provided to them. By His Attributes, all of our salvation, is provided NOW in His indwelling Holiness and Righteousness NOW while living on this earth. This is what Christ's Atonement (Restoration) of us means.
There is NOT ONE SCRIPTURE saying Christ was the object of God's Wrath, nor that Christ was punished for our sins on the cross, nor that He died to remove our guilt, nor that He paid a penalty, nor that He paid our debt. These are all false teachings of men's vain imaginations, wanting to support Penal Substitution Atonement. Our Penalty of death is already being suffered by all natural men, considered already Spiritual dead, separated from God, and destined to hell, unless they repent and commit to His Lordship.
The scriptures do say that He suffered death in our behalf, and that He paid the price, the release provided (lutron, release provided, or ransom in KJV) in the stead of us, doing what we could not do, that we could be restored to fellowship as His obedient servants through Faith (His indwelling Mind) while we are still on earth. We are NOW separated from Him and spiritually dead in sin (Eph 2:5; Col 2:13), but our death in our flesh nature was put away in Christ's Incarnate Death, so that we may be Restored in His indwelling Eternal Life NOW, -AND-, if Born-from-Above and obediently Faithful, FOREVER.
"If ye continue in the Faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel" (Col 1:23). "If a man abide not in Me, he is cast forth as a branch.......and cast into the fire and they are burned" (Jn 15:6).
Rom 3:24-26 Being Justified freely by His grace through the restoration [redemption (restoration) by Death and Life] that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be the Mercyseat (the place of Restoration to Fellowship) through Faith in (en) his Blood, to declare His Righteousness for the Removal of sins that are past, through the Forbearance of God; To (eis, for the result and purpose of) declare, I say, at this time His Righteousness: that He might be Just (Righteous), and the Justifier (Who is making Righteous) of him of (ek pistis) out from within faith of Jesus.
In Christ's Dying Atonement (Restoration) of us to His righteousness and Holiness, He, in His DELIBERATE LOVING INNOCENT sinless nature death FOR US, WANTS TO TAKE AWAY our sinful selfish nature to His grave, that He may Justly (not as a sinner) give to us His indwelling Resurrection Life to live. This is offered to all who would Repent and Commit themselves to Him, Lord Jesus Christ. It is an our death, to His Life transfer NOW. Receiving it is your choice. There is no unscriptural decree for some unexplanable Godless reason, as the Calvinist teach, which is not found in any scripture.
A Penal Punishment death of innocent Christ to receive punishment from His Father to take all our deserved punishment, supposedly being made all our "sin" itself , WOULD BE TOTALLY UNJUST, would be no better than an OT animal sacrifice, AND It COULD NEVER restore us to a Living righteousness, and could never take away our sin natures, so that God could Justly give us His indwelling righteousness IN OUR LIVING NOW AND FOR ETERNITY. This Roman Catholic and later Calvinist understanding of Penal Punishment for Atonement is unscriptural and Godless. It makes God an unjust ineffectual hypocrite. It blasphemes God in multiple ways.
The purpose of the Atonement is a Governmental issue concerning a Justification (to make Righteous) of God's Attributes before His creation in ALL His works. It is not a retributive justice of Christ coming to earth to be a Substitute for us in taking our punishment. This would be no better than an OT sacrificial goat which would not remove our existing separation death and cure our sinning natures and restore obedience of Life (relationship) to our Father.
Atonement is something Christ did to give us HIS LIFE NOW, not something that was done to Him as in punishment, as a substitutionary punishment. In the Atonement Christ removed our sinful flesh natures and our sins in His shed blood and death and burial, and in His Resurrection gave us also His Resurrection Life. And all mankind is afforded this gift of His death and Life now if they will repent and commit to His Lordship (are believing) eternally, in order to be being continuously conforming to the MORAL image of His Perfect Son. And this believing is not our trusting or mentally affirming; it is "committing" ourselves to His service for Eternity.
In our salvation: "The Love and Attributes of God is the reason, Christ is the cause, and the faith of Christ in us is the means". God accomplishes all our means of salvation. Man's only appropriation of salvation is by commanded repentance and commitment to Christ's Lordship and obedience thereafter. Man cannot serve two masters. It is NOW your choice, God or satan. A "no-choice" is to remain with satan.
The justice of "just deserts" is never finally rendered by a Loving Holy God, without first considering what is righteous (right-related to His Attributes).
God's primary motive is always to act according to what is right-related to Himself (His Attributes). He cannot act otherwise. "Just deserts" is only given by a Loving God provided nothing better can be done. In God's perspective, retributive justice of "just deserts" is not a guide to primary duty, but only as a last resort necessity of His Eternal Immutable Government.
As soon as Adam sinned, God's Holy immutable separation justice was rendered. But God's Attributes ALSO demand something beside a "just deserts, eye for eye," judgment. He is also looking to salvage, save, and render in Life again all those who would plead to His always Loving Mercy. Repeatedly, we are told, "God is Love" as well as repeatedly told that He is "Holy". All of God's Attributes must save all those that will come to Him. He can do no other.
"Praise Him, Oh, Praise Him, Lord of Heaven, Your Adoration, we humbly bow.......Praise.... Praise.....Oh, God of Spiritual Perfection....in Thee we humbly bow."
God's public justice is not fulfilled in retribution justice. This is why the Great White Throne Judgment is called the "second death" (Rev 2:11; Rev 20:6, 14; and Rev 21:8). It is the final, last, judgment of all people who have continued in their continuing sinful flesh natured death, separated from Him, throughout their lives. God's public justice demands that He manages the universe doing Righteousness, the right-related thing to His Attributes, when He can; that is, when man (with choice) allows His Loving help. Must see footnote.3
An infinitely wise and Loving Holy God always does the best and most conducive to the God-Good of His moral universe. There is no sufficient reason why sin must be punished solely on the ground of its demerit unless all of God's Loving Longsuffering, and Atonement provided, has been totally refused by sinful man. This is why our Holy Father will be considered Longsuffering, Loving, Merciful, and Just for all Eternity. His Glory, Spiritual Perfection, has been and will be demonstrated for all Eternity.
Therefore, the Atonement is not to satisfy His Wrath against sin. His wrath against sin has been operative since Adams sin by administering spiritual separation death to man since. But it is His goal in Love to meet the needs of His dead moral creatures to make it possible to restore them to Fellowship with Him.
To take away their death and sinning natures is the purpose of the Atonement, to be able to Fellowship with Him for Eternity. His Atonement work for us did far more than take sacrificial punishment for our sins only as the yearly OT sacrifice had to be made, which never "removed" sin, nor actually "made righteous" those that thus obeyed Him. Hebrews, chapter 10 clearly describes all this and much more.
The Atonement is not because of a retributive demand of punishment upon sinners, but the Atonement does God's best in His own Son to save sinner's from their present retributive separation, totally putting their fleshly (carnal) life away in His body death and restoring them to fellowship by His indwelling Life. The Atonement is a His-Life-for- fallen-human-life exchange.
Retributive justice is never God's priority except as an ultimate final justified necessity of His Government. And this justice has been operating since Adam and will be a continuing Government administration to all Creation for all eternity. God cannot change His Attributes of Who He is; nor can God change His Eternal Government. It is WHO HE IS. Without His Atonement freely given to those who will choose to Repent and Commit to His Lordship, our Separation-Restoration by His death and His resurrection, our Fellowship with Him and His Father, could never occur neither NOW, nor for Eternity.
[[[[ Many thoughts and concepts of this article are also found in A.M. Hills, Fundamental Christian Theology, 2 Volumes, 1932; and The Potter's Freedom to Love the World, by Malcolm L. Lavender See Links in our homepage for A Call to Reform, Lavender's website.]]]]]
Calvinist Atonement = Penal Substitutionary Satisfaction
The Roman Catholic, Calvinist, and New Age Dispensational explanation of Christ's Atonement for us, which has totally corrupted teachings today.
Penal substitutionary satisfaction = any and all penalties for sinning satisfied before even birth, before the foundation of the world, by the retribution punishment justice placed on Christ Himself in substitutionary punishment for only some (chosen, elected by fiat of decree) specific people, say the Calvinists, or for all people say all the others.
Justice consists of only penal punishment for sin, punishment only, Calvinists and Dispensationalists say.
[[[ Yet, we are already under condemnation of separation from Him, our punishment, spiritually "dead in trespasses and sin." Christ came to take away our present experience of death (separation) punishment, not just to suffer in a sinless Human-God body punishment on the cross but then in hell also, as the Calvinists claim. This is a most damnable teaching. Christ specifically said on the cross, "It is finished," when He died as a substitute to remove man's sinful flesh nature by His sinless incarnate nature dying and taking it to the grave for all mankind's sinful flesh nature, thus justly becoming able to restore man to a fellowship/relationship with Him by His Resurrection, and then by God's indwelling of him (a cleansed vessel), to restore him to a fellowship/relationship, with the Him and His Father NOW in a New Life on earth.. ]]]
Immutable retributive justice, becoming only a substituted penalty for a later after-phyical-death separation-judgment from God.
[[[ We are already suffering separation-judgment, since Adam. Christ came to "restore", redeem, us to a Life fellowship/relationship to Him similar to Adam's original. ]]]
Calvinism provides no deterrent from sin. No exemplary character provided to people. No new Life provided. A totally finished retribution work only. No better than the OT goat sacrifice. But an imputation of punishment only, said to be for all born-again (elect) for all time. (The Dispensational "grace" regardless apostates teach this also, of course.)
Calvinist's say, Christ Himself became a "substituted penalty goat" as upon sin itself, as sin for us. [[[ Why then, is it called a "better" covenant which was established upon better promises"? Heb 8:6 "And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses" (Acts 13:39).
Calvinists make Christ's Death for us the same as an OT goat which had to be killed every year and never took away sins forever. Calvinists then say this is an eternal sacrifice by a fictional (can't find it in scripture) decree of a sovereign god who simply does as he pleases, like any other inscrutable pagan god. ]]]
Look at these scriptures that they use. Remember this scripture thus translated by Calvinists themselves.
2 Cor 5:21 "made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him." KJV Look particularly at the bolded in this verse.
[[[ "For (gar, a reason following) He who knew no sin, in behalf of (huper) us acted to finalize (poieo, verb, aorist active indicative) sin (noun, direct object of "poieo, to act to finalize") that we might become (ginomai, aorist middle--by our own volition-- subjunctive) righteousness of God in (ev) Him." The verb is not "made" but "acted to finalize", and there is no "Him to be" at all in the Greek scriptures, they are also added by the Calvinist translators of KJV (and they are not in italics). And ginomai means "to become", not "to make" which is kathistemi.
Again. "Because he who knew no sin; "acted to finalize" sin for us (in our behalf), that we might become (in our own behalf), the righteousness of God in Him" (2 Cor 5:21).
The verb poieo, Stg 4160, occurs 583x, and in ever instance means "to act to finalize." It has been variously translated, 22 different ways, as a verb to say, "do, will, commit, made, cause, keep, show, avenge, gain, bear, provide, journey, bring, ordained, go, wrought, bring forth, bare (as fruit), execute, fulfill, agree, and continue." So to make rational sense out of this one word, we find that in every context, if we substitute one meaning in every context, they all make perfect sense. That one meaning is "to act to finalize (with intent to finalize)."
Question: How did He "act to finalize" sin. Answer: He did (something) to sin. It does not say He Himself became or was made sin. It says, Christ Himself acted to finalize sin. He took it, the sin nature of all humans to the grave in His Death, vicariously1 "in our behalf" (huper) by His sinless flesh Death for us (in our behalf). He took the sin nature of all humans to the grave in His Death, vicariously "in our behalf" (huper) by His sinless flesh Death for us (in our behalf). And in the atonement act itself (His Death for us), the scriptures always uses huper, in behalf of"; while anti, "instead of, or "in place of" is used only in regard to the accomplished ransom (lutron, release provided, 3083) for (anti) many (Matt 20:28 and Mark 10:45, or "all" in 1 Tim 2:6).
The "release provided" was Christ's Death in His sinless flesh for (in behalf of) us, in order to justly remove our sinful flesh nature that separates us from God. This is like saying, the ransom (lutron- release provided) "in our place" was Christ's Death "in our behalf" to remove our death. This is more plainly stated in 1 Tim 2:6, "Who gave himself a substitute release provided (antilutron, anit- in place of, lutron- release provided, "substitute release provided") for (huper, in behalf of) all, to be testified in due time."
Christ did what no person could do for themselves (in their own place), release themselves from their present separation from God (death). He took away our death in our behalf, to justly provide to us a resurrection righteous living Life of Himslef within us.
There is specifically no indication by the Holy Spirit given scriptures that Christ took penal punishment "in place of" us. And notice, "that we might become (in our own behalf) righteousness of God in Him" (2 Cor 5:21). Implying His purpose is to give us His indwelling resurrection Life NOW for us to first receive in obedience to the gospel and then Live in obedience NOW.
Any righteousness is only in Him, but He now indwells us, so that we may now become the righteousness of God in Him in our Living obedience in Him. But this His purpose, can only be fulfilled in those who first of their own Holy Spirit enlightened volition repent and believe = commit to Him as their Lord (Rom 3:22, Gal 3:22, and Eph 1:13). It is your volition, in your own behalf. It is your choice, obedience or hell.
Again. "Because he who knew no sin; acted to finalize sin for us (in our behalf), that we might become (in our own behalf), the righteousness of God in Him" (2 Cor 5:21).
For Christ to have taken our sins into himself to suffer the wrath of His Father upon this sin in Himself (called substitutionary punishment), as the Lutherns and Calvinists and all "grace" regardless teach, there would be no salvation afforded to mankind; only their retained carnal natures could still rule. No possibility of a righteousness in a Living relationship to God could be offered. Nor can One Lord God (Deut 6:4) Triune justly punish any pure Holy part of Himself, taking demonic sin into Himself. This is contrary to every Attribute of God as well as God given common sense.
Calvinists describe Christ as passively taking the wrath of the Father upon Himself as being sin. This would be an entirely unjust wrath of God upon a concept called "sin". This is senselessness. Like beating a dead horse. We are already dead (separated) in our sin. Man himself needs a change of his separated dead existence, already imposed as punishment for sin, to a present restoration of living relationship with God. A penal punishment cannot provide removal of the sinful flesh nature, nor provide any Eternal living relationship to Him, nor effect any change in such separation existence.
Any individual sinful man, must still exist in his sin nature to continue sinning. There is no provision to man to live a righteous Life, nor to not continue in continual sinning, nor to even "freely" choose to not do so. No such ability of man is, in fact, truly provided. Only an imagined elected "zapped" robot of a "sinning christian" could so choose, according to the Luthern/Calvinist/modern "grace" regardless unscriputural imaginative scheme of election by an imagined (unscriptural) decree of a Sovereign pagan-like god who can simply do as he pleases, they say. And does this manifest any Glory (Spiritual Perfection) to our Creator God concerning HIs Holiness, Truth, Love, and Wisdom. Absolutely none! It is non-sense.
The scriptures throughout state that man is no longer a sinner, but redeemed and righteous and Holy in Christ during his new creation Life of being born-from-above IF he thereafter walks by Christ's indwelling faith, thereby justly provided to Him (Heb 3:12-14, Col 1:22-23, 1 Cor 15:2, 1 Thess 3:8, 1 Tim 2:12, Heb 3:6, Heb 6:6, Heb 10:26, Heb 10:38, Heb 12:25, James 5:19, 2 Pet 2:20-22, 1 John 5:10, 2 John 10-11, Rev 14:9, Rev 22:18-19.
This substitutionary punishment idea of Anselm, Luther, Calvin, and modern "grace" regardless makes no such provision to man, except to say it is because it is, by a nonscriptural "decree", Zappping !!. This is not very intelligent theology, but this is from the doctorates of Calvinism, the great "mystical" scholars of the Roman Catholic tradition of Augustine, calling themselves Reformers.
Indeed, to simply say that God by a decree (total fiction, not in scripture) would declare that this substitutionary sacrifice will only apply to specific individuals (again total fictions asserted against the whole body of scriptures that plainly state otherwise) after that individual dies; MEANS in substance, that man has no righteousness or Holiness at all provided to him in this human existence. IT MEANS that God simply takes only select continuing wilful "sinners" to Heaven. This makes all the scriptures and history a total farce play, and makes God as a deceitful pagan god, inscrutibly toying with people to his own inscrutible pleasure. A Little child would ask, "How can a Holy and Loving God Justly do that?" ]]]
Someone has once said: "Calvinism is the lowest form of humor." We should be crying. But if we think their false translation of 2 Cor 5:21 is bad, learn how the Pentecostals have taken this false translation to extreme absurdity. See footnote.2
Gal 3 13 "redeemed (1805, exagorazo, not even lutroo; nor lutrosis or lutron-nouns; see article, Atonement, Scriptures) us from (ek-out from within) the curse of the law, being made (ginomai--becoming by his own action, aorist middle participle) a curse for us."
[[[ Cursed is everyone hanging on a tree (Deut 21:23). Redeemed (actually, 1805, exagorazo--to purchase out from) us from (ek-out from within) the already curse of present death (separation) upon us, made by breaking the prohibitions of the Law with its blessings and cursings (Deut 28). ]]]
1 Pet 2:24 "bare our sins in His own body on the tree"
[[[ Specifically, taking our sin nature (vicariously His Body) and sins (His Body's Blood) to grave in His Dead body. His broken body and shed blood was for you. "Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the Truth. Who gave Himself a ransom (antilutron, substitute release provided) for all, to be testified in due time " (1 Tim 2:4, 6). ]]
These scriptures refer to what Christ Himself did in His physical death and resurrection as a Life- for-our-fallen-life transaction to be provided to any who repent and commit to His Lordship Life to be being conformed to the pleasing image of our Father's MORALLY perfect Son. These scriptures do not concern a substitutionary penal punishment for us as the Calvinist's think. Christ Himself vicariously1 took our sins and sinful nature away in His death to the grave and provides for us an obedient resurrection Life pleasing to our Lord and Father. This cannot be accomplished by an OT priesthood substitutionary sacrifice (goat-Christ) offered as the Calvinist's insist.
There is NOT ONE scripture saying Christ was the object of God's Wrath, nor that Christ was punished for our sins on the cross, nor that He paid for our sins, nor that he died to remove our guilt. The scriptures do say that He suffered death (1 Pet 3:18) in our behalf, and that He paid the price (1 Cor 6:20 and 7:23), the release provided (lutron, "release provided," or ransom in KJV, Matt 20:28; Mark 10:45: and 1 Tim 2:6) in the place of us, doing what we could not do, that we could be restored to fellowship as His obedient servants through faith (His indwelling Mind). We were separated from Him and spiritually dead in sin (Eph 2:5; Col 2:13), but our death was put away in Christ's death, so that we may be restored in His indwelling Eternal Life now, and hopefully forever, "If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel" (Col 1:23).
The Atonement accomplished by Christ on the cross,with the Father, to remove our spiritual death (separation) from Life, was a provision to restore to man Life again. It was not a payment by punishment on Christ; this would not have removed our separation in Spiritual death nor have restored us to fellowship in this life or any other. There is no decree found in scripture making it so, even in Heaven. It was a planned provision for our restoration to the Heavenlies with God in this life, planned before the foundation of the world. And by this provision of restoration of fallen man, His Attributes of Love, justly overcoming all sin in His Holiness and Justice of Truth and Wisdom, He shall be Eternally praised.
Why is it called a "better" covenant which was established upon better promises"? Heb 8:6 "And by Him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses" (Acts 13:39) with a substitutionary sacrifice of OT.
Calvinists make Christ's Death for us the same as an OT goat which had to be killed every year and never took away sins forever. Calvinists then insist this is an "eternal" sacrifice by a fictional (can't find it in scripture) decree of a sovereign god who simply does as he pleases, like any other inscrutable pagan god.
This is also the false concept of the Atonement adopted by the modern "grace" regardless apostasy as taught by nearly all Bible Schools and Cemetaries in the country, so that they can regard Christ's atonement as a "finished work" of "grace" by penal substitution completed, thereby, giving license to any sin or carnality of them.
By this type of teaching there is no provision for a Living Life conformity to our Lord Christ, as was His purpose for us in salvation. In their unscriptural understanding, it is man's faith (man's trust, they say is the same as faith ), and man's works, after only a one-time mental affirmation of man to Christ's substitutionary death to be only a Savior of them for Eternal Life guaranteed, regardless, not now of any necessity to be their Living Lord. And the resurrection is only symbolic of our future guaranteed Life in Heaven, they say. This is essentially the Calvinist position also, they just emphasize the Lordship of Christ and Holy living in their rhetoric; but their salvation doctrines amount to the same--empty assertions without any such provisions given by Christ's Atonement.
The Calvinists and the apostate "grace" regardless today have a very false, superficial, pagan primitive, and unscriptural understanding of the HOW and WHY of Christ's Death and Life for us.
Consider just these following scriptures:
Heb 9:15 "And for this cause He is the mediator of the new covenant, that by means of death, for the redemption [629 10x apolutrosis = restoration. Redemption in KJV is 3085 (lutrosis) which is "release". But apo-from, and lutrosis-release by His Death takes us to beyond release-only to restoration of resurrection Life of righteousness of God.] of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance."
Acts 2:36-37 "Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ."
1 Cor 6:11 "and such were some of you: but ye are being washed--Grk: but ye have washed-- (aorist middle-subject did on own behalf-indicative-in reality), but ye are being sanctified--Grk: but ye have been sanctified, i.e., set apart, -(aorist passive--done to the subject--indicative, in reality), but the Spirit of our God justifies, i.e., makes righteous,--Grk: but ye have been justified, made righteous, (aorist, passive, done to subject, indicative, in reality)-- you in the name of the Lord Jesus,...."
Mark 10:44-45 and Matt 20:27-28 "And whosoever of you will be the chiefs, shall be servant of all. For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His Life a ransom, i.e. release, (restoration price, death as well as resurrection Life) for many.
Rom 4:22-25 "And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; but for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification" (i.e., being made righteous).
Rom 5:10 for if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his Life (resurrection Life).
These seven scriptures, as well as scores of others, very clearly say what the purpose and work of the Atonement by Christ means to us. Our death accounted (imputed) in Him for His death and His Life indwelling in us, by which we are to walk in conformity to the moral image of our Lord, His Son. This is nothing of simple substitutionary penal justice of an OT priesthood, which never revoked the sinning nature or ever gave the new heart Life of God to us as promised by the prophets (Jer 31:33, Psa 40:8, Psa 51:10-11, Heb 10:18-21, see Heb 9:13-15 and Heb 10:1-10 ).
But this is the Calvinist teaching concerning the atonement-a penal Old Testament substitution (Calvin's Institutes, 2.16.10), that could never take away the sin nature.
Heb 10:10-12 "By the which will we are being (present active indicative) sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all (time). And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God."
The Calvinist penal substitution concept of the Atonement demonstrates not the Love, Holiness, or even just government of God as THE JUSTIFIER (Rom 3:26), but still leaves man in a hopeless unholy life without any relationship to a MORAL God. Only the scripturally nonexistent "decree" of a pagan concept of an inscrutable god can be said by the Calvinists and "grace" regardless to make them eternally acceptable. This is the Election of only a few, by this inscrutable god concept that they hold. This is a Gnostic philosophy in which one only certain ones become righteous by dying and being made righteous after in Heaven, having lost the sinning flesh nature, in his own grave.
The explanation of the scriptural concept of the Atonement makes plain all the Attributes of God demonstrated to all his creatures and eternity. Thereby our Lord and Father receives all the accolades for Glory, Spiritual Perfection, for His Atonement provided to fallen mankind.
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